ב"ה

Atlit

Atlit is a small town just south of Haifa that served as a Crusader outpost in the 13th century. After its destruction by the Mamelukes in 1291, it fell from prominence and for centuries was no more than a small village. While the Nazi menace loomed in Europe the British severely curtailed Jewish immigration to Palestine due to Arab pressure. This discriminatory policy continued from 1936 until 1948 and effectively sentenced tens of thousands to their deaths during the Holocaust. After the war, the gates to Palestine remained firmly closed and survivors of the camps were denied entry. Thousands chose to immigrate illegally to Palestine by land, air and especially by sea, and those who were caught were interred by the British. The detention center in Atlit housed thousands of prisoners and was the scene of a daring break out on October 10, 1945, led by Yitzchak Rabin. A tour of the site today includes the barracks, a moving audio-visual, processing center, and a mikveh constructed for inmates.