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Southern Wall Excavations

One of the most important archeological projects in recent history, these excavations began in 1968, continuing until 1978, and then were resumed in the 1990s.

During the Second Temple era (349 BCE–69 CE) a wide colonnade was here and remains of a foot bridge and an archway leading to it were uncovered.

Also seen here are remnants of water channels, mikvaot (ritual pools), and buildings where moneychanging services and livestock were available to the Holy Temple pilgrims who wished to offer sacrifices.

These excavations are most important to understanding the Temple Mount, the site of the Holy Temples, because of the impossibility of excavating on the Mount itself.