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Temple Mount Western Wall

The First Holy Temple was constructed by King Solomon, who hired tens of thousands of craftsman and used the choicest materials including stone, cedar wood, bronze, silver, and gold imported from the east and west.

Solomon’s Temple stood 410 years, from 833 until 423 BCE, when it was destroyed by the Babylonians.

As Jeremiah prophesied, exactly seventy years after the destruction of the First Temple, the building of the Second Temple commenced. The Second Temple was dedicated four years later in 349 BCE and stood until its destruction by the Romans in 69 CE.

The Temples served as the point of contact between heaven and earth, as the physical expression of G-d’s presence. Of the 613 mitzvot (commandments), 180 are Temple-related, and the thrice-yearly pilgrimage to Jerusalem was the heart of the Jewish people’s service to G-d.

The Temple’s destruction is mourned as the greatest tragedy of our history, and its rebuilding will mark the ultimate redemption— the restoration of harmony between G-d and His creation.

As the Temple Mount is the holiest place on earth, Jewish people refrain from entering it.

The Western Wall has been revered throughout the ages as a remnant of the wall surrounding the perimeter of the Temple Mount. It is the wall closest in proximity to the Holy of Holies (Kodesh HaKodashim).

Our rabbis teach that the Western Wall of the Temple Mount remained standing because it was built by the poor.