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Zichron Yaakov

Zichron Yaakov was established by religious pioneers from Romania in 1882 as an agricultural settlement, marking the beginning of the modern Zionist era. Though filled with religious fervor and lofty ideals, the inhabitants were unprepared for a life of farming amid difficult conditions and were unable to support themselves financially.

In 1883, the scion of the a wealthy banking family, Baron Edmond de Rothschild, came to their rescue taking the settlement under his wing and naming it after his father Jacob (Zichron Yaakov means literally “in memory of Jacob”).

The Baron did not content himself with doling out cash, but built houses for the residents, planted vineyards, and set up the Carmel Winery which continues to produce wine today.

The Baron and his wife are buried just outside the town, marked today by a spectacular botanical garden has been planted in their honor.